Exploring the Capabilities of the Houghton College Cyclotron
The Houghton College Cyclotron is currently capable of accelerating protons to 317 keV, and with an improved magnet power supply and cooling should achieve 400 keV. Low pressure hydrogen or helium gas is introduced into the vacuum chamber where a filament, through electron collisions, ionizes the gas. The ions are accelerated in a spiral path of 72 mm maximum radius by an alternating RF electric field in a constant magnetic field of up to 1.2 T. The cyclotron's performance has been characterized for varying gas pressure, filament voltage, orbit radii, and “dee” voltage. In the near future, low energy nuclear reactions such as D(d,n)3He and D(3He,p)4He, as well as high-yield (p,?) resonances like 19F(p, ?)16O and 31P(p, ?)32S may be studied.
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