Coated Li Film Targets for TNSA Light-Ion Reaction Experiments with the MTW Laser

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Lei, Chunsun
Harley, Noah
Hotchkiss, Andrew
Martin, Andrew
Yuly, Mark
Padalino, Stephen J.
Forrest, Chad J.
Sangster, Thomas C.
Regan, Sean P.
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Houghton University
A system for creating Sn or Ag coated Li targets was developed for a Multi-Terra Watt (MTW) laser Target Normal Sheath Acceleration (TNSA) experiment to study the 7Li(d, p)8Li reaction. The Li targets were designed to have a ~50 nm thick coating to prevent Li from interacting with air and water vapor and be ~2 μm thick to reduce energy loss. The films were produced in a ~10−5 Torr evacuated deposition chamber in which about 15 A flowing one way through a diode circuit heated a stainless-steel boat holding a Li pellet to a thermocouple-measured temperature of nearly 400℃, evaporating the Li onto a 25 μm thick stainless-steel substrate. A current of up to 60 amps flowing the opposite direction through another diode heated a molybdenum boat holding a Sn or Ag pellet, evaporating the metal and forming the thin coating over the Li. The thicknesses were measured using a micrometer, magnetic adhesion, a home-made mechanical profilometer, and Rutherford backscattering. To allow Li metal to be weighed and inserted into the boat, an Air-filled glove box was constructed around the deposition chamber. Funded in part by a grant from the DOE through the Laboratory for Laser Energetics, and by SUNY Geneseo and Houghton University.
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