A TNSA Technique to Measure Light-Ion Cross Sections Using the MTW Laser

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Lei, Chunsun
Harley, Noah
Hotchkiss, Andrew
Martin, Andrew
Yuly, Mark
Padalino, Stephen J.
Forrest, Chad J.
Sangster, Thomas C.
Regan, Sean P.
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Houghton University
An experiment was performed using the Multi-Terawatt Laser (MTW) at the Laboratory for Laser Energetics (LLE) to test the feasibility of using Target Normal Sheath Acceleration (TNSA) to measure 0.1 - 10 MeV light-ion cross sections. Laser pulses (∼22 J, 7 ps) struck a 0.25 mm2 deuterated polyethylene (CD2) target, ejecting TNSA deuterons that hit a thin natural Li target film on a 25 μm thick stainless-steel substrate, causing the 7Li(d,p)8Li reaction. The phoswich scintillator, light guide, and photomultiplier tube of the Short-Lived Isotope Counting System (SLICS) were placed immediately behind the Li target, and a CAEN Digitizer was used to count the 840 ms half-life beta decay of 8Li, beginning a few milliseconds after the laser shot. The phoswich detector consisted of a fast thin and slow thick scintillator sandwiched together to allow incident particles to be identified by their different rates of energy loss. Incident deuteron energy spectra were measured using time-of-flight (TOF) to a small scintillator in front of the Li target and, for comparison, with a Thompson parabola spectrometer. Funded in part by a grant from the DOE through the Laboratory for Laser Energetics, and by SUNY Geneseo and Houghton University.
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